ASA 106 CERTIFICATION

ADVANCED COASTAL CRUISING - ASA 106

Welcome to the ASA 106 Advanced Coastal Cruising course with St. Augustine Sailing! We are thrilled to have you join us for this advanced training experience, where you’ll enhance your sailing skills and gain the confidence to skipper and crew a 30 to 50-foot sailing vessel in coastal and inland waters, regardless of the conditions. Our expert instructors are committed to providing you with hands-on, practical knowledge in a supportive and engaging environment. Throughout the course, you’ll master advanced navigation, sail handling, emergency procedures, and boat systems management, all while exploring the beautiful and historic waters of St. Augustine.

With St Augustine Sailing, you will gain the skills and confidence needed to navigate the waters safely and effectively. 

SUMMARY

The ASA 106 Advanced Coastal Cruising course equips sailors with the skills and confidence needed to safely act as skipper and crew of a sailing vessel ranging from 30 to 50 feet in length in both coastal and inland waters, regardless of weather conditions. This intensive training covers advanced navigation techniques, emergency procedures, sail handling, and boat systems management, ensuring participants can competently manage all aspects of sailing in challenging environments. Graduates of this course demonstrate a high level of proficiency in seamanship, enabling them to navigate complex routes, handle adverse weather, and ensure the safety and efficiency of their vessel and crew in a variety of scenarios.

PREREQUISITES

The ASA 106 Advanced Coastal Cruising Course spans four days and three nights, and is conducted entirely aboard the assigned vessel. Both the course’s starting and ending point is St. Augustine Sailing, located at 3074 Harbor Drive, Saint Augustine, FL 32084. The course fee includes the study material textbook to support your learning. For a more comprehensive understanding and hands-on navigation practice, we recommend purchasing basic chart plotting tools. These tools are essential for mastering navigation techniques and will greatly enhance your course experience.

<centerOur sailing course is confirmed with only 2 students and we have a maximum of 4 students per class. 

WHAT'S NEXT

After you have successfully completed ASA 106 Advanced Coastal Cruising, which ASA Certifications should you take next? 

  • ASA 107 Celestial Navigation
  • ASA 108 Offshore Passagemaking

SAILING KNOWLEDGE & SKILLS COVERED - ASA 105 COASTAL NAVIGATION

RECOMMENDATION

Knowledge

    1. Describe true and apparent wind.
    2. Describe sailing forces using diagrams,. Graphically find the center of effort and center of resistance of sails and keel, respectively. 
    3. Describe with the aid of diagrams the causes of lee and weather helm and methods of correcting them.  Include the reasons for preference of slight weather helm, sail selection (including full sails or reefed sails), mast position and mast rake.
    4. Describe sail shapes and sail interactions as needed for different wind strengths and points of sail.  Describe the effects on sail shape and sail interactions when adjusting the following:
      • Luff tension
      • Outhaul 
      • Leech line
      • Boom vang
      • Backstay tension
      • Jib fairleads 
      • Jib sheet tension
      • mainsheet
      • Traveler
      • Downhaul/ cunningham

Weather

    1. Describe how to use a barometer and a thermometer independently and concurrently to assist in predicting weather.
    2. Describe cirrus, cirrostratus, altocumulus, stratocumulus and cumulus clouds and the weather expected to be associated with each.
    3. Describe local weather in relation to thermal winds and prevailing winds.
    4. Describe three sources of weather information available in the United States. 

Seamanship

      1. Describe the proper selection of sails on a given boat for all weather conditions and give reasons for the selection made.
      2. Describe appropriate heavy weather precautions and describe how they are carried out, including:
        • Sail Change
        • Use of special equipment such as safety harness and sea anchor.
        • Doubling up of gear.
        • Special checks in  areas liable to chafe.
        • Stowage of equipment above and below decks.
        • Additional checks on bilge condition.
        • Special arrangements for towing dinghy/tender (if used)
        • Problems of fatigue.
        • Selection of clothing.
        • The need of at least two on deck at all times. 
      3. Describe the steps to be taken by skipper and crew for “heaving to” and “lying a-hull”.
      4. Describe the methods for rafting at anchor and the possible risks with day and night rafting. 
      5. Describe how to prevent the dinghy/tender from riding up and bumping the vessel’s hull while anchored at night. 
      6. Describe procedures for securing a boat overnight with one anchor and stern made fast to a dock or shoreline. 
      7. Describe two methods of using a second anchor to reduce swinging. 
      8. Describe four different methods of recovering an anchor that is fouled on the bottom. 
      9. Describe when and how to use a trip line and an anchor buoy.
      10. Describe when and how to set an anchor watch and the responsibilities of the crew on watch. 
      11. Describe how to:
        • Prepare a towing bridle
        • Pass a tow to another boat
        • Get underway with a tow and which speeds to use
        • Avoid fouling the propeller
        • Avoid danger of towline parting under stress
        • Make proper lookout arrangements during towing. 
      12. List 8 of the 16 International Distress Signals found in Rule 37 of the USCG Navigation Rules and Regulations Handbook. 
      13. Describe how the boat should be handled and what actions should be taken when the following emergencies occur while under sail:
        • The boat is dismasted
        • The boat runs aground on a lee shore
      14. Describe how the boat should be handled and what remedial actions should be taken when the following emergencies occur while under power.
        • The engine cooling water fails to flow
        • The engine fails in a crowded anchorage
        • The engine fails in a busy channel
      15. State the fuel tank capacity and range of a typical 40 foot cruising sailboat and the factors that could affect its range. 
      16. State the water tank capacity of a typical 40 foot cruising sailboat and the minimum water requirement per person.
      17. Describe the skipper’s responsibilities and action for the following common courtesies and customs:
        • Permission to board, 
        • Permission and entitlement to come alongside
        • Permission and entitlement to cross adjacent boats when rafted
        • Rights of first boat at an anchorage
        • Keep clear of boats racing
        • Offering assistance to yachtsmen in trouble
        • Flag etiquette: National flag, Courtesy flag, Burgee / house flag, Dipping Flag
        • Checking of boat’s appearance (shipshape & Bristol fashion, no lines or fenders dangling over side)
        • Duty to provide assistance at sea
      18. List the documents required and the procedures followed when leaving and entering U.S territorial waters.

Engineering

    1. Describe appropriate measures for the following common engine problems:
      • Stoppage in fuel line
      • Burned and defective points
      • Fouled spark plug / injector problems
      • Carburetor icing (spring and fall sailing)
      • Unserviceable starter
      • Electrolysis
    2. Describe when and how to carry out an oil change
    3. Describe the minimum pre-season inspection and maintenance for the following:
      • Hull (including underwater fittings, electrical systems, painting, antifouling)
      • Spars and rigging (including electrolysis)
      • Sails
      • Safety
    4. Describe recommended permanent and temporary installation methods of grounding for lightning.
    5. List factors to be considered before allowing anyone to go swimming while the boat is at anchor. 
    6. Describe the danger of overhead power lines.
    7. Describe the uses, capabilities and limitations of a portable radar reflector. 

Skills

    1. Perform the duties of skipper and crew on a liveaboard coastal cruise of at least 48 hours, including night sailing. 
    2. As helmsman, demonstrate the proper techniques of beating, reaching, running, tacking, jibing, heading up, bearing away and luffing in approximately 20 knots of wind. 
    3. Work to weather to best advantage accounting for wind shifts, tides, current and local geography.
    4. Sail a compass course within +/- 10 degrees with sails trimmed. 
    5. Demonstrate correct methods of towing a dingy.
    6. Demonstrate a person in water (Man Overboard or MOB) recovery maneuver while sailing at night.
    7. Anchor, weigh anchor, pick up and cast off moorings while acting as helmsman and / or crew.
    8. Demonstrate how to take a sounding using two different methods. 
    9. Stand a navigation watch during a passage of at least 20 miles by night and 20miles by day and demonstrate all the skills elements in ASA 105, Coastal Navigation. 
    10. (Optional) Demonstrate correct procedures for hoisting, setting, trimming, jibing, dousing and packing a spinnaker.

We recommend joining our Sailing Club Program since it as a valuable way to keep your  sailing skill current – LEARN MORE

Once you have passed your ASA 106 Advanced Coastal Cruising you may find the following Endorsement Courses to be beneficial. 

  • ASA 117 Basic Celestial Endorsement
  • ASA 118 Docking Endorsement (as a side note, if you join the Crew Program you will qualify under the direction of the instructor, this endorsement will provide you the opportunity to be dock the vessel.)
  • ASA 119 Marine Weather Endorsement
  • ASA 120 Radar Endorsement

ASA 106 STUDY MATERIALS

ADVANCED CRUISING TEXTBOOK
ASA Sailing Lessons - ASA 106 Advanced Coastal Cruising and Seamanship textbook
NAVIGATION RULES & REGULATIONS
ADVANCED COASTAL CRUISING TEXTBOOK
ASA Sailing Lessons - Advanced Coastal Cruising Textbook ASA 106